Vacation Photos 2004: North Carolina & Virginia

My wife and I traveled to Asheville, North Carolina for the 2004 North American Mycological Society foray. I also attended the Mycological Society of America meeting immediately following the NAMA foray. We also spent some time in and around Rockbridge County, Virginia.

No microscope was available, so all of these fungi were identified by macroscopic features using these field guides:

With a few exceptions, these species do not occur in the Western United States.

All photographs © Michael Wood. Click on the species name to see the photo. Some photos also have a higher resolution version available by clicking on the "Hi Res Photo" icon.

North Carolina

  1. Boletus bicolor Hi Res Photo
    Boletus bicolor Hi Res Photo
    The Eastern United States has many more species of boletes compared to our bolete mycota here in the West. Many are of great beauty and bright colors, such as this Boletus bicolor.

  2. Boletus ornatipes Hi Res Photo
    Boletus ornatipes
    This bright yellow bolete quickly stains brown when handled. It also stains your hands and your collecting bag yellow!

  3. Boletus variipes Hi Res Photo
    Boletus variipes
    Another pretty bolete, but not bright like the previous two!

  4. Boletus speciosus Hi Res Photo
    Boletus speciosus
    The specific epithet, "speciosus" means "showy" or "beautiful", which is quit appropriate for this gorgeous mushroom!

  5. Boletus subvelutipesHi Res Photo
    Boletus subvelutipes
    Wow, another reddish bolete! As with many red pored boletes, this one is reputed to be poisonous.

  6. Cantharellus cinnabarinusHi Res Photo
    Cantharellus cinnabarinusHi Res Photo
    Cantharellus cinnabarinus
    These beautiful chanterelles were the most common mushroom species we saw during this trip. With their bright colors, they are easy to spot in spite of their small size.

  7. Cantharellus lateritius
    Known as the "smooth chanterelle" because of it mostly smooth hymenium.

  8. Chlorociboria aeruginascens
    Chlorociboria aeruginascens
    Chlorociboria aeruginascens stained wood
    The mycelium of these bright blue-green cup fungi stain the wood in which they are growing a similar color. When wood that has been stained by fungal growth is used for furniture, it is called "spalted" wood.

  9. Clavulinopsis laeticolorHi Res Photo
    This coral fungus occurs across the United States.
    CAF description

  10. Hydnum umbilicatum Hi Res Photo
    Hydnum umbilicatum
    The "belly button hedgehog" is a good edible mushroom.
    CAF description

  11. Lactarius corrugisHi Res Photo
    Most of the Lactarii I encountered on this trip had much more copious "milk" than the typical west coast Lactarius.

  12. Lactarius deceptivus
    Lactarius deceptivus
    I'm a bit hesitant about this ID. One or both of these photos could be Lactarius subvellereus.

  13. Lactarius volemusHi Res Photo
    This species and Lactarius corrugis are considered very good edible mushrooms by most who have tried them.

  14. Phellodon atratus
    This is one of the many fungi that can be used for dyeing fabric. See A Brief History of the Art of Mushroom Dyeing for more information.

  15. Ramariopsis kunzeiHi Res Photo
    This coral mushroom has a brittle texture.
    CAF description

  16. Spathulariopsis velutipes Hi Res Photo
    The specific epithet means "velvet foot".

  17. Strobilomyces floccopus
    Called "the old man of the woods", a strange name with an unknown origin.

  18. Tremellodendron pallidum
    This fungus is related to the jelly fungi, not most of the coral fungi.

  19. Wynnea americana
    This "cup fungus" has apothecia that look like elongated rabbit ears.


  1. Amanita citrinaHi Res Photo
    Amanita citrina will have patches of universal veil remnant on the cap in younger specimens. Faded specimens can resemble the destroying angels, but this mushroom has an abruptly bulbous stipe base, not a sac-like volva.

  2. Amanita sp. Hi Res Photo
    Amanita sp. Hi Res Photo
    We saw lots of small attractive Amanitas.

  3. Boletus ornatipesHi Res Photo
    Boletus ornatipesHi Res Photo
    The specific epithet means "ornate foot" and refers to the conspicuous reticulation of the stipe.

  4. Calostoma cinnabarinaHi Res Photo
    Calostoma cinnabarinaHi Res Photo
    This is one weird looking "puffball"! On the basis of DNA research, we know that Calostoma is related to the boletes! There are three species of Calostoma in North America and about a dozen more in Asia and Australia.

  5. Cantharellus cinnabarinusHi Res Photo
    Cantharellus cinnabarinus
    The specific epithet "cinnabarinus" means "cinnabar colored". Cinnabar is the vermillion colored ore that is the principle source of mercury.

  6. Clavicorona pyxidataHi Res Photo
    This coral fungus is easy to recognize by the crown-shaped branch tips. Also known as Artomyces pyxidatus.

  7. Dacrymyces palmatus Hi Res Photo
    This jelly fungus grows on decorticated conifer wood.

  8. Unknown mushroom
    This one would require a microscope for identification. All of the mushrooms here could use a microscope for confirmation.

  9. Tylopilus plumbeoviolaceusHi Res Photo
    Tylopilus plumbeoviolaceus
    Another beautiful bolete, this one a Tylopilus. The pores will have a reddish tinge at maturity from the spore color.