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More Edible Mushrooms

With over five thousand identified mushrooms to select from in the United States alone, probably no book will ever attempt to catalogue all known varieties with reference to culinary uses.

The majority of mushrooms discussed in the main body of this book are those enjoyed in North America and Europe. We have included commercially available Asian species. The mushrooms listed below are more regional, less often found in the wild, and rarely encountered in the marketplace, if at all. They are usually collected and eaten by well-informed and experienced mushroom fanciers. A neophyte should find a knowledgeable and reliable mycophagist associated with one of the many mushroom clubs for help in exploring the following group of mushrooms.

Each week collections of fine delicacies not previously offered to the public are appearing in the marketplace. Some of the following species, such as Stropharia rugosoannulata, are being cultivated at home by individuals and we have been informed that mushroom growers are experimenting with other varieties that we hope will soon be introduced to the general public.

Not all mushrooms have common names, and some have different regional common names. We have chosen the most popular names for this list. The scientific names of some varieties are not always agreed upon by experts and these names are often changed, but sometimes enthusiasts continue to use the older names.

Scientific Name Common Name
Agaricus bernardii  
A. crocodilinus Crocodile agaricus
A. fuscofibrillosus Bleeding agaricus
A. haemorrhoidarius Bleeding agaricus
A. rodmanii
A. bitorquis
Spring agaricus
Boletus aereus  
B. appendiculatus Butter bolete
B. badius Bay bolete
B. barrowsii Barrow's bolete
B. bicolor Two-colored bolete
B. mirabilis Admirable bolete
B. pinicola Variant of B. edulis (porcini)
Boletus regius Regal bolete
B. zelleri Zeller's bolete
Cantharellus lateritius Smooth chanterelle
Clitocybe fragrans Fragrant clitocybe
C. odora Anise-scented clitocybe
Clitopilus prunulus Sweetbread mushroom
Cortinarius armillatus Bracelet cortinarius
Entoloma abortivum Aborted entoloma
Gomphus clavatus Pig's ear
Grifola frondosa or
Polypilus frondosa
Hen of the woods
Gyromitra gigas Snowbank false morel
Hericium americanum (also called
H. coralloides and H. caput ursi)
Coral mushroom
H. ramosum Comb tooth mushroom
Hygrophorus russula Russulalike waxy cap
Leccinum aurantiacum Orange-capped scaber stalk
L. insigne Aspen scaber stalk
L. scabrum Scaber stalk
Marasmius scorodonius Garlic marasmius
Pholiota aurivella Butter mushroom
Phlogiotis helvelloides Apricot jelly mushroom
Pluteus cervinus Fawn mushroom
Polyozellus multiplex Clustered blue chanterelle
Polyporus umbellatus Umbrella polypore
Ramaria botrytis Red-tipped coral mushroom
Rozites caperata Gypsy mushroom or chicken of the woods
Russula aeruginea Tacky green russula
R. cyanoxantha Charcoal burner
R. delica Short-stem russula
R. nigricans Blackening russula
R. vesca Bare-toothed russula
R. xerampelina Shellfish-scented russula
Sparassis crispa
S. radicata
Cauliflower mushroom
Strobilomyces floccopus
S. confusus
Old man of the woods
Stropharia rugosoannulata Wine-cap stropharia
Suillis brevipes Short-stalked slippery cap
S. pictus Painted suillus