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Lichens & Other Organisms

Lichens of North America
by Irwin Brodo, Sylvia Sharnoff, & Stephen Sharnoff

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WOW! What a beautiful book! This massive (over 8.5 pounds!) book has descriptions of over 800 species of North American lichens, illustrated with 939 color photographs. The introductory chapters cover the biology and ecology of the lichens, uses of lichens, and information on collecting, classifying and naming lichens. This is followed by keys and then the descriptions of the lichens. This book is a must for anyone interested in lichens. (Comment by Mike Wood.)

Lichens are a combination of a fungus and an alga but have a unique structure and appearance quite different from either. Existing worldwide and growing on a variety of surfaces, including rocks, soil, and trees, they may appear leafy, shrubby, mossy, crusty, or jellylike and are seen in a wide range of colors, from brilliant oranges, yellows, and reds to dull grays and browns. This huge new book, written by a world authority on lichens and emeritus research scientist at the Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, provides information on about 1500 of the roughly 3600 recognized North American lichens. Part 1 introduces lichens in 14 clearly written chapters that discuss their biology, ecology, geography, environmental roles, and collection. Part 2, the heart of the book, is a guide that offers identification keys to groups, genera, and species and their descriptions, with accompanying photographs and North American distribution maps. The more than 900 truly beautiful, full-color photos were taken by the Sharnoffs, nature photographers whose work has been widely published in National Geographic, Smithsonian, and elsewhere. Of value to professionals and amateurs alike, this book is certain to be a classic reference for decades to come. Highly recommended for academic and research libraries and for public libraries where interest warrants; libraries needing only a brief yet informative introduction to lichens should consider William Purvis's inexpensive Lichens. (William H. Wiese, Iowa State Univ. Lib...quoted from Amazon.)

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Macrolichens of the Pacific Northwest
by Bruce McCune & Linda Geiser

coverA key component in healthy ecosystems, lichens can be found in almost any natural habitat in the Pacific Northwest. This revised and expanded edition of the first comprehensive guide to the region’s macrolichens is intended for use by beginners as well as specialists: weekend naturalists will be able to identify specimens and recognize the great diversity of lichens, while lichenologists and mycologists will gain greater knowledge of the distribution and abundance of various species. The new edition incorporates an understanding of macrolichens that has advanced tremendously in the ten years since the first edition. It includes 116 new species, many of them new to science since 1997, and 176 additional illustrations. Macrolichens of the Pacific Northwest includes keys to 108 genera and 574 species of Oregon and Washington macrolichens—all the macrolichens known or expected to occur in the two states. The keys also provide reasonable coverage for lichens of Idaho and Montana, inland to the Continental Divide. Color photographs and detailed descriptions are provided for 243 species, emphasizing lichens prevalent in forested ecosystems. The illustrated glossary and introductory material cover the terminology needed to identify macrolichens and provide information on collection and handling. The biology, ecology, and air-quality sensitivity of lichens are discussed, and regional air quality sensitivities are provided for more than one hundred species. Macrolichens of the Pacific Northwest will prove invaluable to anyone seeking to identify lichens or to better understand these organisms and their vital role in the natural world. (Description from Amazon.)

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Lichens of California
by Mason Hale & Mariette Cole

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This is one of the best books for identifying lichens in California. There is good introductory material on lichens, but the heart of the book is the keys and descriptions. Over 350 species are keyed and described, with 48 illustrated in fair color photographs. UC Press is infamous for their poor color photos, but these are better than their average. But they really goofed on the cover photo of Letharia vulpina, an extremely common species in montane California. The color of this picture is way off and it is printed upside down! The Lichens of California should be useful outside of California, especially in the western United States.

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The Macrolichens of New England
by James W. Hinds & Patricia L. Hinds

coverThe Macrolichens of New England is the most comprehensive work of its kind. Based on fieldwork and research by the authors during the last 35 years, this volume includes: -Descriptions of 98 genera and 461 species. -Color photographs of 308 species. -Introductory material on general lichen morphology and a glossary of terms for less experienced readers, along with advice on collecting lichens and performing chemical tests. -A review of the ecological role of New England lichens, as well as the geography, geology, climate, conservation status, and major biogeographical zones for lichens in New England. -Identification keys, both general and genus-specific, to 502 species, including the 461 New England species and 41 additional species known from adjacent states and provinces that could occur in this region. -Synonyms, misapplied names, common names, morphology, chemistry, worldwide range, usual substrate, distribution in New England, and comparisons with similar species. (Description from Amazon.)

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Lichens of the North Woods
by Joe Walewski

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Part of the popular North Woods Naturalist Series, this field guide contains detailed information with an innovative format that makes field identification a snap! The guide will help you know what to look for and when, and it was developed exclusively for the regions surrounding the North Woods of the United States and Canada. (Description from Amazon.)

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Lichens
by William Purvis

From the rain forests of Costa Rica to the frozen deserts of Antarctica, lichens are a familiar part of the landscape. Widespread and long-lived, yet vulnerable to environmental disturbance, lichens are useful to scientists in assessing the effects of air pollution, ozone depletion, and metal contamination. Illustrated with over 158 color photographs, Lichens reveals the varied and intriguing world of organisms that have been used in natural remedies and are becoming key indicators of the earth's environmental health. (Description from Amazon.)

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Lichen Biology
by Thomas H. Nash

coverLichens are symbiotic organisms in which fungi and algae and/or cyanobacteria form an intimate biological union. This diverse group is found in almost all terrestrial habitats from the tropics to polar regions. In this second edition, four completely new chapters cover recent developments in the study of these fascinating organisms, including lichen genetics and sexual reproduction, stress physiology and symbiosis, and the carbon economy and environmental role of lichens. The whole text has been fully updated, with chapters covering anatomical, morphological and developmental aspects; the contribution of the unique secondary metabolites produced by lichens to medicine and the pharmaceutical industry; patterns of lichen photosynthesis and respiration in relation to different environmental conditions; the role of lichens in nitrogen fixation and mineral cycling; and the use of lichens as indicators of air pollution. This is a valuable reference for both students and researchers interested in lichenology. (Description from Amazon.)

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Mosses, Lichens, & Ferns
of Northwest North America
by Dale H. Vitt, Janet E. Marsh, & Robin B. Bovey

coverThis book fills a great void in any library of field guides for our area. ...excellent introductory material...an essential addition to the library of anyone interested in studying those intriguing "little" plants of both native habitats and gardens. (Washington Park Arboretum Bulletin...quoted from Amazon.)

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Common Interior Alaska Cryptogams:
Fungi, Lichenicolous Fungi, Lichenized Fungi, Slime Molds, Mosses, and Liverworts
by Gary A. Laursen & Rodney Seppelt

coverWith Common Interior Alaska Cryptogams, Gary A. Laursen and Rodney Seppelt offer the first field guide to cryptogams of the Denali National Park and Preserve. Useful to both lay and professional investigators, this fully illustrated compendium covers mushroom fungi, lichenized fungi, lichenicolous fungi, slime molds, mosses, and liverworts. This field guide to commonly seen cryptogams will provide a basis for understanding their vast diversity of taxa, speciation, edibility, relative abundance, and utility, as well as the ecological roles played by these organisms. (Description from Amazon.)

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Myxomycetes: A Handbook of Slime Molds
by Steven L. Stephenson & Henry Stempen

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This is a very fine book! Although slime molds are not fungi, they are beautiful and interesting organisms that anyone in the field collecting mushrooms will encounter often. If you want to learn about and identify these fascinating 'myxos', you need this book! (Comment by Mike Wood.)

The myxomycetes, or slime molds, are among the most fascinating organisms in the world. This book identifies all the species one is likely to encounter, with extensive information on their structural features, distribution, and ecological associations. Superbly illustrated and with keys, it is an introduction to their biology as well as a field guide. (Description from Amazon.)

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