The North American Species of Pholiota

Excluded Species

Pholiota acericola (Peck) Saccardo, Syll. Fung. 5: 759. 1887.
Agaricus acericola Peck, Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. 1: 50. 1873.
This is now Agrocybe acericola (Pk.) Singer.

Pholiota aegerita (Brig.) Quélet, Champ. Jura & Vosges p. 229. 1872.
This is now Agrocybe aegerita (Brig.) Singer.

Pholiota aeruginosa Peck, Ann. Rep. N. Y. State Mus. 43: 8 (75). 1890.
see Gymnopilus aeruginosus (Pk.) Singer.

Pholiota aggericola (Pk.) Saccardo, Syll. Fung. 5: 740. 1887.
Singer (1963) placed this in subg. Aporus of Agrocybe.

Pholiota autumnalis Peck, Bull. N. Y. State Mus. 122: 156. 1908.
see Galerina autumnalis (Peck) Smith & Singer.

Pholiota avellanea Murrill, Mycologia 5: 32. 1913.
A study of the type shows this to be either an Agrocybe or a Conocybe sect. Pholiotina.

Pholiota blattaria (Fr.) Gillet, Champ. France p. 433. 1876.
see Conocybe (Pholiotina) blattaria (Fr.) Fayod.

Pholiota broadwayii Murrill, Mycologia 5: 32. 1913.
see Agrocybe broadwayii (Murr.) Dennis.

Pholiota brittonia Murrill, Mycologia 5: 35. 1913.
see Gymnopilus pampeanus, in Singer p. 635 (1963).

Pholiota bryophila Murrill, Mycologia 5: 33. 1913.
see Galerina bryophila (Murr.) Smitlh & Singer.

Pholiota candicans (Schaeff.) Schroet., Krypt. Fl. Schles. 3: 608. 1889.
see Agrocybe praecox (Fr.) Fayod.

Pholiota caperata (Fr.) Gillet, Champ Fr. p. 435. 1876.
see Rozites caperata (Fr.) Karsten.

Pholiota cerasina (Pk.) Saccardo, Syll. Fung. 5: 744. 1887.
This is a Gymnopilus, probably G. spectabilis.

 Pholiota dactyliota (Berk. & Mont.) Saccardo, Syll. Fung. 5: 750. 1887.
said to be the same as P. squarrosa; we have seen no material. (see Overholts 1927: 174).

Pholiota dura (Fr.) Kummer, Der Führer in die Pilzkunde p. 84, 1871.
 see Agrocybe dura (Fr.) Singer.

Pholiota erebia (Fr.) Gillet, Champ. Fr. p. 432. 1876.
see Agrocybe erebia (Fr.) Kuhner.

Pholiota fallax Vel. Ceské Houby p. 501. 1922.

Pholiota filaris (Fr.) Peck, Bull. N. Y. State Mus. 122: 144. 1908.
see Pholiotina filaris (Fr.) Singer.

Pholiota furcata Overholts, North Amer. Flora 10: 272. 1924.
This is a Galerina. The combination with that genus has not been made since we prefer to see fresh material first. The specimens and description appear to indicate an abnormality somewhat like that described for P. lenta in this work (pl. 84b).

Pholiota fusa (Fr.) Singer, Agar. Mod. Tax. p. 516. 1951.
Reported from Ohio by Hard. We have examined his collection and it is unsuitable for critical study.

Pholiota hormophora (Mont.) Saccardo, Syll. Fung. 5: 754. 1887.
It is said to resemble P. tuberculosa. We have seen no authentic material.

Pholiota howeana (Pk.) Peck, N. Y. State Mus. Bull. 122: 147. 1908;
see also Rept. N. Y. State Mus. 26: 59. 1874. Also, Stropharia howeana Peck, Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. 4: 53. 1873. see Agrocybe howeanna (Pk.) Singer.

Pholiota intermedia Smith, Ann. Myc. 32: 479. 1934.
see Pholiotina septentrionalis (Smith) Singer.

Pholiota langei Singer, Nor. Acta Inst. Bot. Komarov Acad. Sci. USSR. ser. 2 pe Crypt. fasc. 6. p. 417. 1950 (replaces P. intermedia Lange).

Pholiota lapponica (Fr.) Singer. Lilloa 22: 517. 1951.

Pholiota lutea Peck, Ann. Rep. N. Y. State Mus. 51: 288. 1898.
probably Gymnopilus spectabilis.

Pholiota luteifolia (Pk.) Saccardo, Syll. Fung. 5: 756. 1887.
see Gymnopilus luteofolius (Pk.) Singer.

Pholiota maackiae Singer, Pap. Mich. Acad. Sci. Arts & Letters 32: 142. 1948.

Pholiota magnivelata Morse, Mycologia 33; 367. 1941.
either a Thaxterogaster or a Cortinarius.

Pholiota marginata (Fr.) Quélet, Champ Jura & Vosges p. 94. 1872
(see p. 127 in the reprint).
see Galerina marginata (Fr.) Smith & Singer.

Pholiota mcmurphyi Murrill, Mycologia 4: 260. 1912.
an examination of the type shows it to be a Cortinarius.

Pholiota martinicensis Patouillard, in Duss, Enum. Champ. Guad. p. 54. 1903.
Probably in section Flavidula of Pholiota but should be studied critically in a restudy of Phaeomarasmius and Tubaria.

Pholiota megalosperma Singer, Sydowia 7: 216. 1953.

Pholiota minima Peck, Ann. Rep. N. Y. State Mus. 41: 65. 1888.
see Galerina minima (Pk.) Smith and Singer.

Pholiota mollicula Bann. apud Peck, New York State Mus. Rept. 44: 182. 1892.
We were unable to locate the type.

Pholiota musae (Earle) Murrill, Mycologia 5: 34. 1913.
see Pholiotinia musae Earle, Inf. An Estac. Agron. Cuba 1: 241. 1906.
In the type material examined, the spores were found to be 13-18 x 7-12 µ ellipsoid, smooth, pale, germ pore not evident. Pleurocystidia and cheilocystidia were not found. Probably not a Pholiota.

Pholiota mycenoides (Fr.) Gillet, Champ. France p. 432. 1876.
see Galerina jaapii in Smith & Singer (1964) and also Conocybe.

Pholiota ombrophila (Fr.) Saccardo, Syll. Fung. 5: 737. 1887.
see section Aporus of Agrocybe in Singer (1963).

Pholiota platyphylla Kauffman, Pap. Mich. Acad. Sci. Arts and Letters 1: 145. 1923.
see Galerina platyphylla (Kauff.) Smith & Singer.

Pholiota praecox (Fr.) Kummer, Der Führer in die Pilzkunde p. 85. 1871.
see Agrocybe praecox (Fr.) Fayod.

Pholiota pumila
see discussion in Smith & Singer (1964).

Pholiota radicosa (Fr.) Kummer, Der Führer in die Pilzkunde p. 84. 1871.
see Overholts 1927; we have not seen this collection.

Pholiota retiphylla Atkinson, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 57: 356. 1918.
see the doubtful species (under Phaeomarasmius).

Pholiota rubecula Bann. apud Peck, New York State Mus. Ann. Rept. 44: 182. 1892. Overholts (1927) states that the spores are rough so we assume it is probably a Gymnopilus. The type could not be found at Albany.

Pholiota rugosa Peck, Ann. Rept. N. Y. State Mus. 50: 102. 1897.
see Pholiotina rugosa (Pk.) Singer.

Pholiota separata Kummer, p. 84. 1871.
see Panaeolus semiovatus? Kummer did not indicate an authority for the name, but we assume he had Agaricus semiovatus in mind.

Pholiota sabulosa Peck, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 23: 414. 1896.
The type has rough spores. Overholts (1927) thought it was in the P. marginata complex which in our classification would make it a Galerina! We would like additional data on fresh specimens as the habitat is very peculiar. It was inadvertently overlooked in the Galerina work of Smith and Singer.

Pholiota scobifera (Berk. & Curt.) Saccardo, Syll. Fung. 5: 753. 1887.
This is probably in the Phaeomarasmius complex and should be studied in connection with a revision of that group.

Pholiota speciosa Clements, Bot. Surv. Nebr. 2: 41. 1893.
As Overholts pointed out, the description is inadequate. We have not been able to study the type.

Pholiota spectabilis (Fr.) Gillet, Champ. Fr. p. 443. 1876 (in many citations). (Fr.) Kummer, Der Führer in die Pilzkunde p. 84. 1871.
see Gymnopilus spectabilis (Fr.) Singer.

Pholiota sphaleromorpha (Fr.) Quélet, Champ. Jura et Vosges p. 91. 1872.
see Agrocybe sphaleromorpha (Fr.).

Pholiota sulnigra Murrill, Mycologia 4: 258. 1912.
see Agrocybe erebia, it is said to be a synonym of that species.

Pholiota subsquarrosa (Fr.) Saccardo, Syll. Fung. 5: 750. 1887.
see P. subvelutipes of the present work.

Pholiota temnophylla (Pk.) Saccardo, Syll. Fung. 5: 740. 1887.
see Agrocybe temnophylla which probably is a variant of A. praecox

Pholiota terrigena (Fr.) Saccardo, Syll. Fung. 5: 737. 1887.
This has been reported and illustrated from Wisconsin by Harper (1913). We have studied his collection (2827) and find it to be P. terrestris.

Pholiota togularis (Fr.) Kummer, Der Führer in die Pilzkunde p. 85. 1871.
see Pholiotina togularis (Fr.) Fayod ex Singer.

Pholiota trachyspora C. & C. apud Overholts, Missouri Bot. Gard. Annals. 14: 125. 1927.
This is a Rozites or a Cortinarius.

Pholiota tuberculosa (Fr.) Kummer, Der Führer in die Pilzkunde p. 83. 1871.
Reported from Michigan by Harper (1913: 489). We have studied Harper's collection from Michigan and conclude that it is P. flammans (the variant with a distinct gelatinous pellicle). It is clearly not the same as material of P. tuberculosa from Great Britain identified by P. D. Orton.

Pholiota unicolor (Fr.) Gillet, Champ. Fr. Hymen. p. 436. 1878.
see Galerina unicolor (Fr.) Singer.

Pholiota ventricosa Earle, Bull. N. Y. State Bot. Garden 2: 341. 1902.
A probable synonym of Gymnopilus spectabilis see Singer (1963).

Pholiota vermiflua (Pk.) Saccardo, Syll. Fung. 5: 739. 1887.
see Agrocybe dura.

Pholiota villosa (Fr.) Saccardo, Syll. Fung. 5: 752. 1887.
Reported from the Pacific Coast. Overholts (1927) thought it was Pholiota (Gymnopilus) spectabilis.

Pholiota viscida (Pk.) Kauffman, Amer. Journ. Bot. 13: 29. 1926.
see Galerina viscida (Pk.) Smith & Singer, Monogr. on the Genus Galerina Earle, p. 244. 1964.

Pholiota washingtonensis Murrill, Mycologia 4: 259. 1912. see Agrocybe ombrophila.