Can. J. Bot. 42: 1209. 1964.
Common Name: none
Solitary to scattered to concrescent, in duff under conifers, primarily Sitka spruce; common from mid fall through winter in northern coastal forests.
Unknown. Too small and tough to be considered for the table.
Phellodon atratus is easily recognized by small fruitbodies with bluish-black to black, plane-depressed caps, short, vinaceous gray spines, a black, often compound stipe, and violet-black to black context tissues.
Baird, R.E. (1989). Type Studies of North American and Other Related Taxa of Stipitate Hydnums: Genera Bankera, Hydnellum, Phellodon, Sarcodon (Bibliotheca Mycologia: Band 103). J. Cramer: Berlin, Germany. 89 p.
Baird, R.E. & Khan, S.R. (1987). Spore Ornamentation of North American Phellodon Species. Mycologia 79(2): 334-337.
Castellano, M.A., Cázares, E., Fondrick, B. & Dreisbach, T. (2003). Handbook to additional fungal species of special concern in the Northwest Forest Plan (Gen. Tech Rep. PNW-GTR-572). U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station: Portland, OR. 144 p. (PDF)
Desjardin, D.E., Wood, M.G. & Stevens, F.A. (2015). California Mushrooms: The Comprehensive Identification Guide. Timber Press: Portland, OR. 560 p.
Harrison, K.A. (1964). New or little known North American stipitate hydnums. Can. J. Bot. 42(9): 1205-1233. (Protologue)
Parfitt, D., Martyn Ainsworth, A., Simpson, D., Rogers, H.J. & Boddy, L. (2007). Molecular and morphological discrimination of stipitate hydnoids in the genera Hydnellum and Phellodon. Mycological Research 111(7): 761-777.